IP case law Court of Justice

Article 2 - Reproduction right

Member States shall provide for the exclusive right to authorise or prohibit direct or indirect, temporary or permanent reproduction by any means and in any form, in whole or in part:
(a) for authors, of their works;
(b) for performers, of fixations of their performances;
(c) for phonogram producers, of their phonograms;
(d) for the producers of the first fixations of films, in respect of the original and copies of their films;
(e) for broadcasting organisations, of fixations of their broadcasts, whether those broadcasts are transmitted by wire or over the air, including by cable or satellite.

1 pending referral


Referral C-476/17 (Pelham and Others, 4 Aug 2017)


4 preliminary rulings


Judgment of 16 Nov 2016, C-301/15 (Soulier and Doke)

L’article 2, sous a), et l’article 3, paragraphe 1, de la directive 2001/29/CE du Parlement européen et du Conseil, du 22 mai 2001, sur l’harmonisation de certains aspects du droit d’auteur et des droits voisins dans la société de l’information doivent être interprétés en ce sens qu’ils s’opposent à ce qu’une réglementation nationale, telle que celle en cause au principal, confie à une société agréée de perception et de répartition de droits d’auteurs l’exercice du droit d’autoriser la reproduction et la communication au public, sous une forme numérique, de livres dits « indisponibles », à savoir des livres publiés en France avant le 1er janvier 2001 et ne faisant plus l’objet ni d’une diffusion commerciale ni d’une publication sous une forme imprimée ou numérique, tout en permettant aux auteurs ou ayants droit de ces livres de s’opposer ou de mettre fin à cet exercice dans les conditions que cette réglementation définit.

Judgment of 2 May 2012, C-406/10 (SAS Institute)

Article 2(a) of Directive 2001/29/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 22 May 2001 on the harmonisation of certain aspects of copyright and related rights in the information society must be interpreted as meaning that the reproduction, in a computer program or a user manual for that program, of certain elements described in the user manual for another computer program protected by copyright is capable of constituting an infringement of the copyright in the latter manual if – this being a matter for the national court to ascertain – that reproduction constitutes the expression of the intellectual creation of the author of the user manual for the computer program protected by copyright.

Judgment of 4 Oct 2011, C-403/08 (Premier League)

Article 2(a) of Directive 2001/29/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 22 May 2001 on the harmonisation of certain aspects of copyright and related rights in the information society must be interpreted as meaning that the reproduction right extends to transient fragments of the works within the memory of a satellite decoder and on a television screen, provided that those fragments contain elements which are the expression of the authors’ own intellectual creation, and the unit composed of the fragments reproduced simultaneously must be examined in order to determine whether it contains such elements.

Judgment of 16 Jul 2009, C-5/08 (Infopaq)

An act occurring during a data capture process, which consists of storing an extract of a protected work comprising 11 words and printing out that extract, is such as to come within the concept of reproduction in part within the meaning of Article 2 of Directive 2001/29/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 22 May 2001 on the harmonisation of certain aspects of copyright and related rights in the information society, if the elements thus reproduced are the expression of the intellectual creation of their author; it is for the national court to make this determination.